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to let pharma or biotech acquirers shop “a la carte” from its menu of programs—San Diego-based Inception Sciences and Watertown, MA-based Forma Therapeutics have structured themselves to execute on a similar idea.
In an ideal world, such a structure would allow for Atara to reward its investors time again, while allowing a solid management team to keep the band together longer in hopes of releasing more than one hit. Atara has gone so far as to name its first three LLCs after the three fabled ships led by explorer Christopher Columbus—Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria.
In modern bizspeak, Ciechanover and Atara board members say this strategy gives it “optionality.” That’s opposed to the more traditional investment exit options, which requires someone to buy the whole company, or for the executive team to pull off an IPO.
So what exactly is Atara starting with? The first drug candidate is called PINTA 745. It’s a targeted peptibody (a genetically engineered combination of a peptide and an antibody) that zeroes in to specifically inhibit myostatin.
Scientists have learned a lot in recent years this muscle protein, and many believe it might be possible to treat muscle-wasting disorders by inhibiting it. Pfizer and Eli Lilly, among others, have experimental antibodies designed to inhibit myostatin. The others, Ciechanover says, are aiming their myostatin inhibitors in different directions, going after muscle disorders like Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (Pfizer) and cancer (Eli Lilly). Atara has sought to position the drug against protein energy wasting, which is just a term for the muscle atrophy that patients develop when they have end-stage renal disease and get kidney dialysis treatment.
Amgen ran three Phase I clinical trials with the drug, and found it to be well-tolerated in healthy volunteers and patients with prostate cancer. The drug candidate, however, has a short half-life, meaning it will need to be given through frequent injections. That’s no big deal for patients undergoing kidney dialysis, because they already come in for treatment three times a week, Ciechanover said. But that kind of injection frequency may be a dealbreaker for cancer patients, who tend to come in to see the doctor less often.
The second drug candidate at Atara is called STM 434, and it’s positioned as an inhibitor of activin. It’s a protein involved in hormone signaling. The bet at Atara is that this drug offers a new line of attack against ovarian cancer, which is often detected late in the game and is difficult to treat. That drug isn’t as far along as the first—Atara said it has data from animal tests that say it might work on its own or in combination with chemotherapy. The company plans to use some of its new money to file an application with the FDA to start clinical trials, and gather some preliminary data on its safety at a variety of doses.
Atara is still a quite lean operation with just six full-time employees, while it leans on a network of part-time consultants and vendors. The new financing should be enough to carry the company through 2015, and get it to the point where it has much more clarity on the product profile of its two lead assets, Ciechanover says.
There is a personal motivator at work in Atara, as well. Ciechanover says his mother was diagnosed with ovarian cancer around the time he was starting the company. That experience intensified his interest in what’s new for the disease, and led him to the work being done at Amgen. Like many women, Ciechanover’s mother died just nine months after her diagnosis. As a tribute, he named the company after her, and has a picture of her on his office wall.