We, Robot: The Greater Boston Robotics Cluster

OK, we’re big on robots around here. From iRobot’s landmark court case to Kiva’s shuffling warehouse bots, from the FIRST (For Inspiration & Recognition of Science & Technology) high-school robot competition to Hydroid’s Navy contract for robot submarines, we’ve been covering the business of bots in depth and on the ground since our inception. And why’s that?

Well, for one thing, robots are just cool. They capture our imagination like few other technologies do. Robots are R2-D2 saving the day, the Terminator delivering one-liners in an Austrian accent, and Iron Man flying through the air, guns ablaze. It’s why anyone ever got into the business in the first place.

What’s more, the greater Boston area has clearly established itself as one of the world’s leading centers for robotics. There are more than 150 companies, institutions, and research labs that deal in robots or robot components here. That adds up to more than 1,500 workers, $150 million in government contracts, and $250 million in annual sales, according to the official state organization presiding over it all—the Massachusetts Robotics Cluster, which is a subgroup of the Massachusetts Technology Leadership Council, a non-profit that fosters entrepreneurship and promotes tech companies.

Not that it’s necessarily a boom time for robotics firms. Everywhere you look, budgets are tight. “It’s a bit tough for early stage companies,” says Paul Coster, an analyst at JPMorgan who watches iRobot. “Very few have viable business models.” To be successful in today’s climate, he adds, it’s becoming more important “to roll up and come to market with a proven model.”

With this state of the robotics union firmly in mind, we wanted to provide the definitive local guide. Following our stories on the greater Boston Internet video cluster and the hidden hub of music and technology, we wanted to track down every commercial outfit doing significant work in robotics—everything from mobile to medical robots, software to hardware, electromechanics to exoskeletons. We drew the line if the company made sensors, electronics, or energy sources that could be used by robots, but did not focus primarily on robot products.

Looking at the list, a few things leapt out at us. The majority of firms (at least 13 out of 24) get substantial support from defense contracts, while most others serve niche markets. Local companies are strong in mobile robots and vehicles, growing in medical robots, and not as strong in industrial applications. We’ve also included a couple of non-companies—organizations that we feel are making a direct impact on the industry. But this is by no means a comprehensive list. If we’ve missed something, please leave us a comment below or drop us a note at editors@xconomy.com.

We’re also working on putting together a networking event to bring the local robotics community together to talk about the pressing issues, and maybe raise a few of our own—like what are the potentially transformative applications for robots in society that nobody is thinking of? In the meantime, enjoy our guide…

Aurora Flight Sciences
Cambridge, MA
Vertical take-off unmanned aerial vehicles for defense and aerospace applications. The company is headquartered in Manassas, VA, but established an R&D center in Kendall Square in 2005.

Barrett Technology
Cambridge, MA
Best known for its WAM (Whole-Arm Manipulation), a state-of-the-art robotic arm, used for rehabilitation and manufacturing applications such as spray-painting. It might even be used to help repair the Hubble Space Telescope. Barrett began in 1990 as a spinoff of the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab.

Black-I Robotics
Tyngsborough, MA
Incorporated in 2006, Black-I develops unmanned ground vehicles for security and defense. Its robots have been tested by the Massachusetts State Police bomb squad at Logan Airport for detecting and disrupting car bombs.

Cambridge, MA
Autonomous underwater vehicles for detecting surface mines, and other defense applications using sonar and hydrophones. The company was spun out of MIT in 1997, and became a subsidiary of Battelle Memorial Institute in 2005.

Boston Dynamics
Cambridge, MA
Founded in 1992 out of MIT, Boston Dynamics focuses on human movement simulations and legged robots that can walk and run over rough terrain. A recent YouTube video of the company’s remarkable Big Dog quadruped robot has attracted millions of viewers—and generated a hilarious parody.

Brooks Automation
Chelmsford, MA
Automation of semiconductor manufacturing, such as ultra-clean loading and unloading of wafers. Also develops products in RFID tracking and sensors.

Caliper Life Sciences
Hopkinton, MA
Automation of liquid handling and microfluidics for laboratories and industrial applications.

Dangel Robots & Machinery
Bedford, MA
Industrial robots for welding and sorting objects such as semiconductor wafers. Founded in 1987.

East Freetown, MA
Robots that use wheels and grippers to move around and inspect pipes with on-board cameras.

Energid Technologies
Cambridge, MA
Robot control and simulation software and machine-vision algorithms for space robots and defense applications.

FIRST (For Inspiration & Recognition of Science & Technology)
Manchester, NH
Founded by Dean Kamen in 1989, FIRST is a public charity that runs high-profile robotics competitions for schoolchildren and seeks to inspire young people to become science and technology leaders.

Waltham, MA
Mobile ground robots for monitoring, reconnaisance, and other defense applications. The company is a subsidiary of QinetiQ North America.

Harmonic Drive Technologies
Peabody, MA
Robotic hardware, such as actuators and gearheads for motion control and mechanical power transmission.

Pocasset, MA
Autonomous robot submarines (underwater vehicles) for mine sweeping and other defense and security applications. Founded in 2001.

Interactive Motion Technologies
Cambridge, MA
Powered braces for robot-assisted therapy of elbow, wrist, and shoulder joints.

Burlington, MA
Best known for its robotic vacuum cleaners and military packbots. An MIT spinoff and public company since November 2005.

Kiva Systems
Woburn, MA
Mobile robots for storing, moving and sorting products. Automated moving shelves help warehouses fill orders more efficiently.

Amherst, NH
Unmanned ground vehicles for surveillance and security, and helper bots for the home.

Boston, MA
Medical robotics, in particular a powered upper arm brace that helps stroke patients make arm movements.

Nascent Technology
Lexington, MA
Autonomous mini-helicopter, gliders, and control software for coordinating vehicles.

Q Robotics
Groton, MA
Low-cost, autonomous robots for consumer applications, from the co-inventors of the iRobot Roomba.

Waltham, MA
The defense technology giant acquired Salt Lake City, UT-based Sarcos last November. Sarcos develops robot hardware, actuators, powered exoskeletons, and control software.

Robotics Trends
Framingham, MA
Online portal covers the robotics community and produces Robotrends and Robobusiness conferences.

Smart Robots
Dalton, MA
Mobile robot platforms and robotic arms. Pushing the idea of using Internet-based software plug-ins for robot platforms to do household tasks.

Cambridge, MA
Self-deploying robotic bridge and other advanced soldier systems.

Vecna Robotics
Cambridge, MA
Develops ground robots for military applications and eventually home use. Designed the BEAR (Battlefield Extraction-Assist Robot) for military recovery and rescue. A division of Vecna Technologies, based in College Park, MD, the Cambridge lab also does basic research on robot dynamics and machine learning.

Gregory T. Huang is Xconomy's Deputy Editor, National IT Editor, and Editor of Xconomy Boston. E-mail him at gthuang [at] xconomy.com. Follow @gthuang

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  • We build advanced ROV’s (Remote Operated underwater Vehicles) at the Gloucester High School. We also do Rockets as well as Robotics. This is in spite of the fact that Lab Time was cut from students. 16.67% of our contact time has been cut from our students. What 16.67% of the curriculum should be cut???? This fly’s in the face of what we all know as educators and engineers, you have to touch and play to retain information. Kinesthetic approach (hands – on) is the way to teach advanced material not lecture based 2 dimensional book / board work. We teachers are doing the best we can to fix the lack of knowledge our students come to us with and leave us with. We can’t do any MORE with any LESS. Can you feel our frustration. It will not change until we (the Teachers and Business companies) stand together and demand more that we will be able to raise the level of students that we are producing here in America. Anyone want to come see what we already do with what little we get please call Gloucester High School and visit. Anyone want to collaborate; give the school a call and ask for Coach L. room 3404