Why Amazon Can Win in Mobile, While Microsoft Sputters
In the span of two days, the Seattle region’s two cornerstone technology companies showed why they’re the most credible challengers to the current duopoly in mobile computing. And it’s pretty clear that only one has a chance to succeed.
First up was Microsoft, which presented (via its desperate partner Nokia) an innovative, interesting-looking pair of smartphones that definitely stand out from other handsets on the market.
Then we got the treatment from Amazon, the online shopping pioneer with breathtaking ambitions that include premium tablet computers. The new line of Kindle devices that Amazon showed off Thursday include updated e-readers and three versions of its tablet, the Kindle Fire, which packed big improvements in technology for bargain prices.
The two visions on display this week could not have been more different. In short, Amazon was showing us the future of consumer mobile computing, while Microsoft and Nokia were speaking a language that dated to somewhere around the debut of the iPhone.
In this knife fight for consumers, only Amazon’s vision will truly have a chance of making a difference. Sadly for Nokia, and by extension poor old Microsoft, the inability to see where modern digital consumers’ hearts lie will spell doom.
Even if you’re a critic of the company’s many hard-to-swallow stances on public policy issues, success for Amazon in the tablet market will be a good thing for the consumer and the broader technology ecosystem. And a failure for Microsoft, no matter whether it’s deserved, would be a huge loss for more than just the folks in Redmond.
The reason is that, as Xconomy’s Wade Roush detailed last year, the mobile world is now controlled by two huge forces: Apple and its iOS on one side, and Google’s Android operating system on the other. (For hardware purposes, Android is currently tied to both Samsung and Google’s Motorola branch.)
There are some complications here—mainly that Amazon uses a heavily customized version of Android to run its tablets. But remember that Amazon’s fiddling cuts out Google’s digital services, like location and other key data-mining efforts, making the OS its own.
The Windows Phone operating system is a very well-reviewed product, and certainly presents some innovative features and a much different experience for the user than the other modern operating system. But it’s got a tremendously late start on making up the gap in smartphones.
Nokia, once a global leader, has tied its fate to the Microsoft platform. And Microsoft certainly needs its closest and most important smartphone partner to succeed with its treasured OS, if it hopes the platform to do well.
But the pair is so far behind that it will need to absolutely market the living daylights out of these phones to make a real dent. And the first salvo of marketing, this week’s big presentations from both Microsoft and Amazon, had me feeling much more dubious about the Windows Phone’s prospects.
While the Nokia/Microsoft device unveiling was chock full of features, brand names, corporate executives, and fancy multimedia, it was fundamentally selling a product from a time gone by. Buy our phone—it’s got the best camera! Its touchscreen can be used with gloves! Its polycarbonite shell is a beautiful, durable wonder!
Amazon’s Jeff Bezos, meanwhile, strode the stage alone. He had some videos too, and at times an over-the-top assault of specifications and product niches. But Bezos communicated a central idea that shows how much Amazon fundamentally gets the modern consumer. Here’s that part, as transcribed from the excellent liveblog by The Verge:
“Last year, there were more than two dozen Android tablets launched into the marketplace, and nobody bought ‘em.
“Why? Because they’re gadgets, and people don’t want gadgets anymore. They want services that improve over time. They want services that improve every day, every week, and every month.
“Kindle Fire is a service.”
Rewind to the Microsoft/Nokia presentation for a second, and ask yourself what you heard about connected digital services that have a life beyond this product cycle. There was Microsoft’s SkyDrive, its online storage service that could be a real strength. And something called Nokia Music, which doesn’t seem revolutionary when compared to apps like Spotify or Pandora. But that’s about it.
The Amazon devices—even the simpler Kindle e-reader—are designed as doorways to a bunch of valuable digital services, including books, movies, games, and cheap shopping. The hardware, while pretty impressive sounding, is just a storefront. This is a fundamentally different way of looking at the world—and it’s on the mark.
People who are fans of Amazon use it because it takes the hassle out of repetitive shopping, eliminates wasteful trips to stores, saves money, and makes it much simpler to read books, watch movies, and more. That’s a compelling digital experience that touches your life in many ways. As entrepreneur and blogger Charlie Kindel writes, “Wanna compete with Apple? Focus on experiences.”
This is similar to the digital media hub strategy that made Apple so successful. Yes, the iPhone was and remains an amazing piece of hardware. But, for all of Apple’s weaknesses in producing good software, its digital music, movie, and Web browsing services worked well enough to make a compelling package. Plus, it had enough market share to attract the best independent app developers, who filled in the gaps in Apple’s own offerings.
Android doesn’t have that central, connected identity. But it got into the No. 2 spot because of huge user numbers, helped by the device manufacturers and carriers who were scared to death of the way Apple smashed their business models. Those huge user numbers attracted developers, who filled in the holes enough to make a viable competitor.
There’s no comparable home-base experience on the Microsoft/Nokia side of the ledger, and no massive distribution network of eager partners evident either.
Microsoft does have great work software, but it’s widely available and also has some reasonable competitors. That means they have to rely on developers to fill the app market with services that people will like and use, especially since there could be hundreds of millions of devices tied to the overall Windows 8 ecosystem, as Steve Ballmer boasted this week.
But even if that works, it will mean that Nokia and Microsoft have an ecosystem that is hollow in the middle. And Bezos is right—people just don’t want fancy gadgets. The broad mass of consumers probably never did. They want a ton of useful things, from a brand they trust, that come baked into one package, with one identity.
That’s the vision Steve Jobs had way back at the beginning of Apple, and it’s the model that won. Most people are not looking for a bunch of bits of technology that they have to assemble into a platform like a bunch of Legos—they want it to just work together.
Any company that tries to make a dent in consumer electronics had better get with the program.