Global Health Funding Booms, But Not Just From Gates, UW-Harvard Study Finds

6/18/09Follow @xconomy

[Updated: 7:05 pm Eastern]

Wealthy donors like the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation have helped spark a movement that has almost quadrupled financial support for global health in the past two decades, yet much of the world’s financial support is being spread unevenly, and isn’t always getting to the poorest people in the neediest countries, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Washington and Harvard University.

It might sound surprising, but the people who produced this edgy piece of research, which claims to be the first ever comprehensive look at funding for global health projects, are sponsored by the Gates Foundation. The study, being published in The Lancet, is co-authored by Christopher Murray and six colleagues, including Catherine Michaud of the Harvard Initiative for Global Health. Murray is the former Harvard University professor recruited to the UW two years ago with a $105 million donation by the Gates Foundation to establish the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

The report—written without input from the Gates Foundation—is loaded with financial detail, which will certainly be required reading for those who argue that powerful private donors aren’t being transparent enough about what they do. The report found that financial support for global health has climbed from $5.6 billion in 1990 to about $21.8 billion in 2007. This field that attempts to reduce health disparities around the world, used to be primarily the responsibility of international organizations like the World Bank and the United Nations, but now gets almost one-third of its total funding from private sources, according to the study.

Yet even as all this money has flowed in for help, 12 of the 30 countries with the highest burden of disease in the world weren’t getting as much aid as people in healthier, and in some cases, wealthier, countries, according to the study. Angola, Ukraine, and Thailand were among the neediest countries that haven’t been getting their share of health aid.

“The size and scale of it all was surprising,” Murray says. “We all knew the money was going up, but it was much a bigger increase than we thought we’d see. ”

Since no one organization has done a comprehensive analysis of how much money is going to global health, which countries get the money, and which disease categories receive the most, the findings are likely to spark a lot of conversation in global health circles about how to better allocate resources.

“Everyone’s watching,” Murray says.

Some small island nations like Micronesia and the Solomon Islands receive more health aid per capita than countries with higher rates of illness—like Niger and Burkina Faso, according to the study. Mali and Colombia have about the same level of sickness, yet Colombia receives triple the health funding, researchers said. Researchers said they don’t know exactly why that is, although many of the countries with great health needs, and that lack support, are French-speaking former colonies in central and western Africa, Murray says. … Next Page »

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