How to Integrate an Acquired Company: Lessons from IBM

1/5/09Follow @gthuang

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align the acquired company and the leadership of the parent company on the goals of the acquisition. That clarifies roles, responsibilities, and priorities, so the team can execute the vision of the merger. Miyashita explains that the integration needs to be “focused on value,” rather than on check lists such as suppliers, IT, and office space. And to do it right, she says, you need strong leadership and performance management focus from the top.

To guide the process, IBM has dedicated “integration executives” whose full-time jobs are to lead the integration and make sure the activities and results of the merger stay on track. Miyashita says integration executives must have world-class project management skills, a deep understanding of the parent company, and enough clout to be effective and influential with all organizations.

It sounds obvious, but let’s delve a little deeper. What makes a strong leader in this case? Miyashita says, “You need savvy business people who know how to relate to all levels of people.” A leader needs to ensure continuity of the acquired business, work with all groups supporting the integration into the parent company, be able to drive change with both companies, and execute the business case expectations. What’s more, a leader must be ready to lead.

As for performance management, Miyashita emphasizes it’s important to have formal tracking on the acquisition’s performance, so there’s clear accountability and attention to lessons learned. At IBM, this includes monthly checkpoints and more extensive quarterly reviews. “It’s a very formal process,” Miyashita says. “It’s important to have the focus from the top. Having the CEO and CFO focused on our acquisition success ripples down to every deal.”

The bottom line, as I see it, is that acquisitions take a lot of hard work. You can’t expect to be successful if you don’t dedicate resources to making sure the acquired company stays on track and adheres to the original goals of doing the deal. In any case, it sounds like IBM has formalized the process in such a way that others can now learn from it.

Gregory T. Huang is Xconomy's Deputy Editor, National IT Editor, and the Editor of Xconomy Boston. You can e-mail him at gthuang@xconomy.com or call him at 617-252-7323. Follow @gthuang

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  • Ramesh

    Surprised to see IBM’s suggestions on integration of Acquired Companies. I have experienced the difficulties when they acquistioned a software company. The team who handles merger, dumps all employees into one division of a given Business Group. The managers are given extra load and do not take care well. They did not bring compensation at par with existing employees. Title would be better if it said as “Lessons Learnt by/from IBM”. I would get this kind of articles written by Staff who have joined through acquisitions and not by managing such portfolio.

  • http://www.ascent2change.co.uk Ro Gorell

    Integrating an acquired company is about balancing the dynamic of people, processes and technology. ‘Driving through change’ as Miyashita describes it misses the point that the ‘people’ part of the equation are probably the biggest single reason why integrations fail to achieve their objectives. Good project management skills and the ablity to relate to people at all levels are definitely a pre-requisite for integration. However, understanding the pscyhology of the organisation you are acquiring and how the two cultures will be integrated is all together a different skill set. Maybe this is why the previous commentator experienced difficulties. Successful acquisitions are few and far between and some of the issues that can be encountered don’t always emerge straight away. Focusing on value is a good start but focusing on values is where the trick is. This is one of the key reasons why integrations don’t always achieve their stated outcomes. Focusing on values is more about the underlying cultures of both organisations and this requires much more than just good projecct management and interpersonal skills.

  • Charlene Sabin

    I am conducting research on best practices for integrating newly acquired businesses with existing businesses. Does anyone know of well written information on that topic? I have had a difficult time finding specific information.