Into the Swarm: San Diego’s Swarmology Mines Online Conversations for Health Data

11/15/11Follow @bvbigelow

Swarmology, a San Diego provider of social media analytics for healthcare clients, is stepping into the light today, disclosing initial funding of $1.2 million and the debut of its website.

The company, founded last December by pharmaceutical and health IT executive Malcolm Bohm, provides targeted, Web-based marketing services for its customers by analyzing online conversations about specific health concerns on Facebook, Twitter, and other social media. Swarmology’s customers already include a large healthcare insurance provider and a couple of smaller pharmaceutical companies, Bohm says.

Before arriving in San Diego last year, Bohm says he was working with electronic health insurance reimbursement records at New Jersey-based SDI Health to help drug developers minimize the costs and risks of their clinical trials. By working with “very rich data,” Bohm says he helped pharmaceuticals optimize the design of their clinical trials—in part by identifying the ideal medical center, and by mapping and recruiting patients for a particular study.

Bohm says the idea for Swarmology occurred after he began wondering if there was a comparable richness in the health and medical information that people share on Facebook and Twitter. “Enormous numbers of people are talking about their own health,” Bohm says. For example, he says Facebook users will update their status with such comments as “My daughter had another asthma attack today” or “I’m taking Sumatriptan [for a migraine] and it’s not working.”

Bohm says a Pew internet Life Research study published earlier this year shows that 70 percent of U.S. adults search online for health-related subjects, and some 43 percent are crowdsourcing their health care through online discussions with fellow patients and healthcare providers. Using data analytics, Bohm says, “You can get this wealth of information across wide swaths of social media. We can capture all the conversations—we call that a swarm—in a virtual community.”

While Swarmology’s technology is proprietary, Bohm says the Centers for Disease Control and the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Projects Agency are using similar techniques to analyze social media “to try to understand if the online signals are sufficient to predict political unrest in other countries or to track and predict where flu and allergy outbreaks are going to stress regional healthcare systems. In the same way, Google can track and predict contagious outbreaks as people go online to search for information about their symptoms.

Bohm says Swarmology can collect online comments posted on a particular topic—diabetes, for example—by searching for specific terms such as “insulin,” “blood,” “sugar,” and “HbA1c” (a standard lab test that measures blood sugar) as well as less-specific terms such as “diet” and “exercise” that are more contextual. By using semantic analysis and natural language processing, Bohm says Swarmology’s technology is sophisticated enough to identify and include comments like “I’m walking like a zombie today” in a search for online comments about insomnia.

Bohm says Swarmology also has been working on a set of algorithms to … Next Page »

Bruce V. Bigelow is the editor of Xconomy San Diego. You can e-mail him at bbigelow@xconomy.com or call (619) 669-8788 Follow @bvbigelow

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